Create a bootable Windows PE 3.0 USB drive with rescue tools – Part 1

Learn how to create a bootable Windows PE 3.0 USB drive. First you you create the bootable USB stick, then you copy the WinPE 3.0 files to the drive.

Michael PietroforteMVP By Michael Pietroforte - Mon, April 12, 2010 - 60 comments google+ icon

Michael Pietroforte is the founder and editor of 4sysops. He is a Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) with more than 30 years of experience in system administration.

For Windows PE 1.0, the minimalist Windows based on Windows 2003/XP, you needed an SA (Software Assurance), OEM, or ISV license. When Windows Vista was released everyone had access to Windows PE 2.0. This also applies to the Windows 7-based edition, Windows PE 3.0. Windows PE (Preinstallation Environment) was originally designed to deploy Windows. However, it is also useful in creating your own customized rescue boot media. In this article, I will describe how you can create a bootable Windows PE 3.0 (WinPE) USB stick, and, in my next post, I will show how to add your own rescue tools and how to keep your rescue stick up-to-date without much hassle. You will see that the procedure described here is much more convenient than most solutions you’ll find on the web.

1. Create a bootable USB drive

Before you get started, you have to make your flash drive bootable. I have already described this procedure in my post about the Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool. For your convenience here is the command sequence, which you should run on a command prompt with admin rights:

  1. diskpart
  2. list disk
  3. select disk #
  4. clean
  5. create partition primary
  6. select partition 1
  7. active
  8. format quick fs=fat32
  9. assign
  10. exit

Replace ‘#’ with the drive number of your USB drive. Be careful to choose the right disk in 3 because this procedure will erase the whole drive!

2. Copy the WinPE 3.0 files to the USB drive

WinPE 3.0 is part of the Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK) for Windows 7, which you can download here. Once you have installed the WAIK, you’ll find a folder of the Windows AIK on the Windows Start Menu. Launch the Deployment Tools Command Prompt and enter this command:

  1. copype.cmd x86 c:\winpe_x86
  2. Then, copy winpe.wim to the correct folder:
    copy c:\winpe_x86\winpe.wim c:\winpe_x86\ISO\sources\boot.wim
  3. Now, copy WinPE to your USB drive:
    xcopy C:\winpe_x86\iso\*.* /e G:\

In this example, ‘G:’ is the drive letter of your flash drive.

Now you should be able to boot from your WinPE 3.0 USB drive. In my next post, I will outline the interesting part—that is, how to prepare your USB drive so that you can add new tools without starting again from scratch.

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60 Comments- Leave a Reply

  1. Fred says:

    A quick post to thank you Michael for all your recent articles, I discovered your website a few weeks ago and now it is one of my firefox bookmarked start pages.

    I’m dying to read part2 of this Windows PE 3 related article :)

    (yet another sysadmin)

  2. Fred, thanks!. The second part will probably come on Thursday. Have to make a few minor tweaks.

  3. kosmito says:

    What is minimal size for usb stick?

  4. kosmito, I think Windows PE 3.0 requires not more than 250 MB.

  5. Barbara Herrmann says:

    Are there special requirements for BIOS or graphics to boot win pe? My problem is, that I’m using a very thin client which is intended to be used for win 7 embedded, and booting stops at ‘Starting Windows’ where the flying bubbles should appear.

  6. Barbara, there a no such requirements for normal PCs. However, its is possible that Windows PE lacks some device drivers that are required for your thin client.

  7. Dave says:

    Got up to this section:

    Then, copy winpe.wim to the correct folder:

    copy c:\winpe_x86\winpe.wim c:\winpe_x86\ISO\sources\boot.wim

    Am I overwritting boot.win with winpe.wim? Or am I copying them to the usb drive?

  8. Dave, yes, I think the name of the WIM file in the sources folder has to be boot.wim.

  9. Dave says:

    Thanks, I did get it to work. I actually realized that I had a mistype in winpe.wi(n) instead of (m).

  10. Chris Rock says:

    Thx for fast and clean guide on this Michael, but even after following it fully I couldnt get my UFD to boot – message I was getting was : ‘Disk Error bla bla bla’ , browsed some other forums and found out that it has to do with BIOS settings that do not ‘fully’ see your UFD thus making unable to boot from it. Some BIOSes have an option to emulate ur stick as a fdd/hdd drive which should fix the issue, however for those who do not have such option [including me] I recommend excellent utility called WinSetupFromUSB from:

    http://www.msfn.org/board/install-USB-WinSetupF-t120444.html

    Finally thanks to formatting option that adds a second, little partition to your USB [which will essentially redirect ntldr/bootldr/etc. boot request to your USB data partition], I was able to boot my WinPE from it. Hail forums, death to microsoft manuals!

  11. RoninV says:

    For those ‘still’ using Vista, where is PE 2.0 located, and are the steps mentioned basically the same when creating a bootable Windows PE 2.0 USB drive?

  12. Hidayah says:

    Hi Micheal…
    i need some advise to reset my HP MINI 1000 window password. My son might change the password without me knowing and now he also did not know the password.
    ive read a lot regarding reseting password but the problem is hp mini dont have dvd drive. can u please advise me.

    Thanks for your time.

  13. WimC says:

    Thanks Michael,

    For several month I’m trying to get Windows on a stick.
    I’ve tried several solutions that are presented on the net.
    So far, this is the only one that works for me.
    Quick and clean.

    Thanks for sharing your expertise,

    Wim Cranen

  14. Chris Smith says:

    Is it possible to add extra fonts to the off-line image using a .inf installation file? I have written an .inf that is designed to copy the fonts to Windows\fonts, and update the registry using the DISM /Add-Drivers command, but although it runs without any errors, it fails to update the image. I have run the .inf when the image has booted and is “on-line”, and it works, so the problem seems to be with the off-line DISM routine.

  15. nick says:

    mike,
    i am trying to reset a password on windows vista and for the life of me i cannot figure out how. other than paying best buy 37 bucks to do it. can u please break it down for me in terms i can understand

  16. THI says:

    Dear Michael!
    i need some advice to reset my window vista password! i have fogoten my password and now i can’t log in.in order to reset password it require me to have “removable media such as a floppy disk or USB flash drive”.i don know where i can get or create these things.
    i try to read all of your recommendation for reset but i dont have any CD/or DVD.I was thinking about reinstall window vista but i dont know how can you please advise me or can you please give me some advice for reset pass without need CD/DVD.thank you so much

  17. Daniel says:

    i followed step 1 to create a bootable usb drive
    however instead of selecting my usb as a disk i accidently selected my external as a disk. i realiezed until i got to the clean part of the step. now my computer can’t read the external hard drive… how do i get my hard drive back to normal? will i be able to obtain all my files again?

  18. Ian says:

    I tried Windows PE 3.0 bootable USB drive on some brand-new Lenovo W510 laptops. After boot into Windows PE, and run List Disk in Diskpart, it only shows the build-in hard disk, not any USB drives plugged in so I can access images saved on USB drives. Also when List Partition/Volume in Diskpart, C: drive shows RAW and cannot dir it. However C: has working O.S. installed. Something I can do for this special type of laptop? Thanks.

  19. Phil says:

    The link you posted is a download for a supplment .iso that does not have an installer (StartCD.exe).

    So what do I download to install WAIK?

  20. Dan says:

    Hey, seriously, thank you! I’ve used this guide several times and it’s been great. Thank you!

  21. michel says:

    hello my USB key does not work with diskpart…(list disk)
    I use windows XP and Microsoft Windows AIK

    do you Know an issue?

    Thanks
    Michel

  22. ketan says:

    you are awesome buddy

  23. Jason says:

    My computer is Windows Vista basic but I forgot the System Password to load anything past the log on screen and I was wondering if you can supply instructions for this type information for my version or does the 7 directions also apply to my case plus how much memory is required on the Flash drive to use this procedure? I tried to do something I found on the internet describing booting into safe mode to a command prompt and enter NET USER to access resetting options but this loading some files that stopped for a moment to only take me back to the Administrator sign in page. A Thumb drive is my only alternative because my only web connection is at a public library to download any of these programs and the machines there have limited permission.

  24. Ed Neil says:

    (Sorry for all caps but I couldn’t express myself any better)
    YOU ARE THE MAN!
    THANK YOU SO MUCH!
    You have saved me so much anger and (potentially money) trying to fix my Windows 7 Slate PC.
    It won’t netboot and gPXE doesn’t work at all – thanks to the fancy way the LAN card is seen.
    All I can say is THANK YOU!
    I used 64 bit WinPE so I could run 64 bit Setup.exe which would not netboot (thanks to gPXE being 32 bit)

  25. Cristian Gamboa says:

    Does not work for me

    disk part work
    winpe create the files
    but when I boot from the usb-key

    I get error
    in \boot\bcd 0xc000000e

  26. georg says:

    i have lost my admins password!how am i soposted to do this if i have no acces…?

  27. daniel says:

    I cannot create a password reset disk, nor can I reset my admin user account password. However, I can log in with my original admin password, half of the time. How do I reset my password for a windows 7, 64 bit platform?

  28. Nathan Sann says:

    I am not sure why so many people think that this is about resetting your password when it is clearly instructions on how to get Windows to boot off a USB. Two totally different things… There are more than enough sites explaining how to remove passwords, but if you aren’t very computer literate then you will have to pay Best Buy the $37. There is a reason it’s difficult for a non technical person to be able to override the password…

  29. SA-X says:

    For those that have lost passwords, try using ophcrack (I believe that is how it is spelled) it is a linux distro so you might be new to it. There are two versions one for xp and for vista/7 it finds my windows password when im in a panic. Also it may be able to run from usb stick (try googling linux livecd to usb) for you netbook users.

  30. Ken Overly says:

    Can the same instructions be used if you are creating a 64-bit Win PE? Just replace the X86 string in the commands at the start of your article with AMD64?

    Thanks for very clear instructions! =)

  31. vinpa says:

    Every time I attempt to run ‘format’ command, it returns the list of available commands, and ‘format’ is not one of them.

    I am running ‘DiskPart version 5.1.3565′.

    Thanks,

    vinpa.

  32. Jim says:

    or you can just use wintobootic tool and do it with one click.

  33. vinpa says:

    @Jim: I actually ended up using RMPrepUSB and found some great instructions on http://sites.google.com/site/rmprepusb/tutorials/how-to-image-a-system-using-a-bootable-winpe-ufd-and-imagex.

    After following those simple instructions I was able to create a working image (after 3 days of trial and error).

    Cheers,

    vinpa.

  34. James says:

    Hi,

    I am trying to find your post that you mention in step 1. Is it this one:

    http://4sysops.com/archives/windows-7-usbdvd-download-tool-wudt-is-unable-to-copy-files/

    Thank you,

    James

  35. James, yes this is the right post. I added the link now. Thanks!

  36. Krish says:

    hi,
    Can you please tell me how to copy files from hard disk to USB in WIN PE pass while imaging?

  37. Wray says:

    I have a Dell Studio 1558 running windows 7 with a clobbered boot record and am trying to create a bootable recovery disk from my old XP system. Should your procedure procedure work if I use a usb hard drive instead of the stick? I think I’ve followed everything correctly but I keep getting “operating system not found” when I try to boot from the usb HD.

  38. Jery Levinson says:

    Although not actually stated, I assume this only works with Win7? I have a netbook with xp (and pe on a hidden partition) that came with no system CDs and would like to make a bootable USB backup for emergencies. Any thoughts on that?

  39. Frank says:

    I tried to follow your procedure with the fat32 formatting and copying the win_pe files from the installed AIK. Unfortunately I always get only the message that the ntldr is missing when I boot from the USB stick. Which of the steps should copy these files on the stick ?

    Thank in advance

    Frank

  40. Frank says:

    I tried it one more time, now everything is fine, most probable I was the reason :-) .

    Frank

  41. Thank you Michael for the useful information. I am trying to develop the WinPE 3.0 for testing purposes. I have a quick question that can i use some of my programs similar to portable applications on WinPE?

  42. Joseph Schatz says:

    Michael

    I have 2 questions

    1. How do you add drivers to the USB

    2. I have the .wim for several tools…but not execuables…How can I add them to the USB drive

  43. Ben says:

    Hi,

    Is there a reason we don’t edit copype.cmd to copy the boot.wim to the correct folder? It seems weird to have to manually do a task that is easy to automate.

  44. Ching says:

    Hi,

    I followed all instruction and successfully boot into winpe but my winpe stuck on startup command prompt with command wpeinit only. what should i do ?

  45. Sorry, I can’t answer all the questions. It appears to me that some of you have problems with creating a bootable USB stick. The corresponding section in this post was messed up because of a CMS update. I corrected this now. If you follow the instructions step-by-step it should work.

    Ching, Windows PE has no graphical user interface. So everything appears to be alright in your case.

  46. Hassan says:

    dear micheal,

    i have setup a bootable usb using win98 dos system file through hp’s partition tool.

    i’ve also copied the backup.gho file i.e. the image of my pc and ghost32.bat on that usb.

    when i boot using that usb to restore the image on my pc, Dos run ok and ‘dir’ shows the contents as well but ghost32.bat doesn’t run there from which i could possibly load the image to my hard disk.

    please help. thank you

  47. Alan Lau says:

    The instructions

    - Then, copy winpe.wim to the correct folder:

    Question: Which folder to which folder???

    - copy c:\winpe_x86\winpe.wim c:\winpe_x86\ISO\sources\boot.wim

    Question: Copy these 2 files to where???

    - Now, copy WinPE to your USB drive:

    Question: The entire folder in Program Files or the C:\winpe_x86 folder???

    I hope that the instructions can be as clear as water and not leaving out something for people to guess

  48. Hasan, the instructions here are not for Windows 98.

    Alan, “copy” is a Windows command. The first parameter is the source folder and the second parameter is the destination folder. I changed the format of the instructions. Maybe it makes easier to understand. Note that the instructions on 4sysops are for IT professionals.

  49. Kevin says:

    Thank you, I created by first bootable USB pendrive!!!

  50. Brian says:

    Michael,

    Thanks for doing this. Great information and easy to follow.

  51. John says:

    Yes, I echo the praise of the others here – THANK YOU for posting all of this. It’s very cool to have a bootable WinPE USB thumb drive. And, it’s so nice to have instructions that 1) actually work, 2) are clearly written, and 3) don’t have any omissions that prevent the successful completion of a task. Kudos!

  52. Paul Chapman says:

    A note about accessing the boot media:

    In some cases (i.e. USB3 Drive on USB3 port) you may need to include the appropriate driver in the boot image. This can be particularly important if you are trying to access the boot media as described in the follow up article. Add the following steps to Michael’s procedure:

    2a) Create a Drivers folder in c:\winpe_x86
    2b) Copy the minimum driver set needed for your device to work into c:\winpe_x86\Drivers
    2c) Mount boot.wim using DISM
    Dism /Mount-Wim /WimFile:C:\winpe_x86\ISO\sources\boot.wim /index:1 /MountDir:C:\winpe_x86\mount
    2d) Inject the drivers
    Dism /Image:C:\winpe_x86\mount /Add-Drivers /Drivers:C:\winpe_x86\Drivers /Recurse /ForceUnsigned
    2e) Save the updated WIM
    Dism /UnMount-Wim /MountDir:C:\winpe_x86\mount /Commit

    Continue to step 3 at this point.

    In my particular case, I am using the external USB HDD to backup the OS partition using ImageX, so boot media access was necessary.

  53. Steve says:

    Followed the directions But imagex.exe will not run

  54. Ankur says:

    Is it possible to create a REFS secondary partition through WinPE 3.0??

  55. Eric Lethcan says:

    Thanks a lot for this wonderful tutorial.
    I followed this article and got it to boot on all machines except Dell XPS 15Z, then I had to add drivers following this KB http://john.bryntze.net/jbkb-v2/?p=26 but on all other Dell machines this worked perfect. thanks again

  56. shirley says:

    I got a new computer. It didn’t come with any disks. (ebay) It is an Acer aspire desktop. I set it up a couple of days ago. I didn’t think I entered any password because I didn’t want one. It restarted itself last night and now I can’t get in without a password and I have no idea what the password is. I have tried all the passwords that I use for anything and everything that I might have used for the computer even though I don’t remember typing a password. I tried “password unlocker” after downloading it to a usb drive but the computer said the OS was missing so it wouldn’t reboot. After reading your posts I now understand I don’t have a “rebootable usb drive”. I do have an empty 8 G drive. That is enough, right?

    You probably have the instructions that I should follow already posted but I don’t understand enough about computers to know which instructions to follow. Can you help? Thank you.

  57. maxi says:

    i did it but it is stuck wen it has to boot to desktop

  58. Charles says:

    Hello Michael:
    I have an HP Z820 64bit workstation that I would like to boot Windows 7 Professional from a USB harddrive rather than the internal SATA drive. I would also like to install and run other programs on the USB disk. Can this be accomplished with the WAIK. I read your instructions above and am not sure what I need to use for 64bit (ex. 1.copype.cmd x86 c:\winpe_x86) What would be the 64bit command line.
    Any help would be greatly appreciated.

    Thanks

    Charles

  59. Vincent says:

    Hey Michael,
    Having a huge problem. I get to 2. and the command prompt does not list my flashdrive as one of the existing disks on the list.
    Any idea how I could solve this problem?

  60. Vincent, can you see the drive in Windows Explorer? If not, the flash drive is broken and you probably need a new one.

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